AARON OF YORK (1190–1268), English financier, son of josce of York. Aaron was one of the wealthiest and most active English Jews living during the reign of Henry III. In 1241 his estate was valued for taxation at £40,000, an incredible sum. He was presbyter judaeorum of English Jewry in 1236–43. During these years, as he complained to the chronicler Matthew Paris, he was compelled to pay the king over 30,000 marks; he relinquished the office and died impoverished. He was styled nadiv ("benefactor") in Hebrew, an indication that he was probably a patron of scholarship. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Adler, Jews of Medieval England (1939), 127–73; Birnbaum, in: JHSET, 19 (1955–59), 199–205; H.G. Richardson, English Jewry under Angevin Kings (1960), passim; Roth, England, 48–49, passim. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: ODNB online. (Cecil Roth)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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